Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is becoming increasingly important as a low-emission alternative to conventional fuels in the mobility sector. Its use can make a significant contribution to achieving climate targets - especially since LNG can also be mixed with organic LNG.
Clean alternatives for shipping and heavy goods transport
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) is a mature and established technology for decarbonizing the transport sector. The DVGW is researching solutions and ways to continue the establishment and sustainable growth of CNG applications in the mobility sector. To this end, the potential of renewable gases and power-to-gas processes as electricity-based fuels must be investigated. These applications considerably expand the integration possibilities of renewable energies into our energy systems. They allow a spatially and temporally shifted use with significantly higher added value.
CNG technologies are being further developed with the help of local and regional DVGW programmes in order to continue reducing local emissions and fine dust pollution. Within this framework, research will also be conducted on gas composition and its effects on CNG technologies and components. Based on power to gas processes, hydrogen mobility is particularly climate-friendly and also has a high decarbonization potential. For this reason, the DVGW is committed to further cross-sector research projects - especially on infrastructure issues - with the organisations involved.
LNG is becoming increasingly important in the diversification of natural gas supplies. LNG serves as an alternative to conventional fuels, particularly in the mobility sector (heavy goods vehicles, sea transport, inland waterways). The use of LNG propulsion technologies is characterised above all by the reduction of climate-damaging emissions. Compared to diesel, sulphur oxide emissions and particulate matter are reduced by almost 100 percent, nitrogen oxide emissions by 80-90 percent and CO2 emissions by almost 25 percent. The 50 percent reduction in noise emissions also makes LNG the fuel of the future.
LNG is a clean alternative to existing propulsion concepts in sea and inland waterway transport and especially in heavy goods traffic by road. With its potential for reducing emissions, LNG can make a significant contribution to achieving climate targets. These positive climate effects can be further improved by adding organic LNG. LNG already accounts for around 25 percent of all natural gas transports, and by 2035 it will be up to 50 percent. LNG is the energy source with the most dynamic growth rates. The DVGW supports this forward-looking and climate-friendly gas technology and accompanies its introduction scientifically with the LNG / Mobility research cluster.
Together with the German Energy Agency (dena) and the industry initiative Future of Natural Gas, the DVGW is also the initiator and sponsor of the LNG Task Force for Heavy Commercial Vehicles established at the end of 2015. As part of the Natural Gas Mobility Initiative, the partners want to jointly remove market obstacles and thus support the development of a minimum infrastructure. To date, Germany has lacked a corresponding national competence centre. This gap will be closed by the task force under the patronage of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI).